Batik is a technique of wax-resist dyeing
applied to the whole cloth. It has become a cultural symbol of the island
nation of Indonesia.
In general, the word Batik is a resist process
for dyeing where the patterns are reserves on the textiles by tying and sewing
areas prior to dying similar to dye technique. Batik is made through many
complicated stages. Batik is made either by drawing dots and lines of the
resist with a spouted tool called a canting or by printing the resist with a
copper stamp called a cap. The applied wax resists dyes and therefore allows
the artisan to colour selectively by soaking the cloth in one colour, removing
the wax with boiling water, and repeating if multiple colours are desired.
From pristine white hand-woven cotton,
craftsmen and designers draw patterns with pencils. They then painted and
covered the models with beeswax, and then dipped them in a vat of boiling dye
solution. The hot water will melt the wax, the fabric covered with beeswax
remains white, only the unwaxed parts of the fabric will tint and begin to show
The most important stage is drawing beeswax. A
small copper tool containing hot beeswax with a long, tapered nozzle, called a
canting , is painted and covered with beeswax over drawings or uncolored areas
of the fabric. The fabric is left to dry, checking the quality of the colors
and patterns after the initial dyeing. After several repetitive processes:
painting - beeswax coating and coloring, the finished product will be
Batik is a textile product with a skillful
combination of weaving and painting techniques. Some of the products are of
sophisticated artistic quality and have high aesthetic value. With unique
beauty, the colors created from batik products are the quintessence of the
fashion heritage of the "Land of Ten Thousand Islands". Batik is a
treasure that helps Indonesia develop strongly in garment technology, weaving,
fashion, festivals, tourism...
With these Batik fabrics made according to this
traditional craft technique, the artisans are free to create according to their
liking and produce diverse textured fabrics with their own unique features and
that's why it is a work of art expressing the cultural and spiritual values
of the Indonesian people.
Artist Venny Afwany
Alamsyah (in the middle) introduces Batik painting at the cultural exchange program
in Dong Nai.
The process of Batik product is complicated,
meticulous and full of artistic creativity. So, Batik products often take a lot of time,
requires meticulousness, patience and high concentration from drawing patterns
with melted beeswax, dye, bleach many times to achieve the most satisfactory
color. Since all stages are completely handmade, it can take at least a month
to produce a finished batik fabric, some fabrics take up to a year with the
participation of many people to create the more splendid, sophisticated patterns.
Batik fabric has long been chosen as a
traditional costume, creating a splendid and luxurious beauty for women. Many
batik fabrics of different sizes are used to sew shirts, skirts, shawls,
scarves, belts... Some fabrics are dedicated to home decoration, making shawls
to cover the couple in the wedding ceremony. Batik is a popular fabric product
and is used as a costume for all classes. If used daily, the patterns will be
simple, if used during holidays and New Year, the decorative patterns will be
more sophisticated, depending on the purpose of use .there will be
corresponding patterns. Students come to school also use batik uniforms,
employees, officials, workers in agencies, factories, offices all have their
own uniforms from batik products. For attire used in state banquets, men will
wear long-sleeved shirts and women wear full-length Batik.
Delegates drawing Batik
paintings at the cultural exchange program organized by the Dong Nai Union of
Friendship Organizations in collaboration with the Consulate General of Republic
of Indonesia in Ho Chi Minh City.
Although Batik technique has appeared in many
countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, India, but according to experts,
Indonesian Batik is still unique in its magnificence and solemnity, rich and
varied, sophisticated and delicate colors and decorative patterns. In 2009,
Indonesian Batik was recognized by UNESCO as the Intangible
Cultural Heritage of Humanity.