At the press conference, Minister of Foreign Affairs Bui Thanh Son
highlighted 10 outstanding hallmarks made by Vietnam at the Unted Nations
Security Council for the term 2020 – 2021.
Firstly, promoting multilateral
approach and consistently upholding international law and the United Nations Charter.
During the first Presidency of the UNSC in January 2020, Viet
Nam convened a High-level Open Debate on “Upholding the UN Charter” and
presided over the adoption of a Presidential Statement on this theme. Such
efforts underscored the long-standing values and major principles guiding
synergized actions between the UNSC, the UN, and the international community.
A record number of 111 speakers representing member states and
international organizations participated and made statements at this open
debate. This demonstrates that Viet Nam’s interests also reflect and align with
the common interests of the international community.
Delegates and reporters
from domestic and foreign news agencies and press attended the press
conference. (Photo: Lam Khanh/VNA)
Secondly, seeking comprehensive
solutions to achieve sustainable peace. This ranges from preventing to
addressing the root causes of conflicts and dealing with the aftermaths of
conflicts on the basis of respect for independence, sovereignty and territorial
integrity, non-interference in internal affairs, and peaceful resolution of
disputes. These endeavors always take into account the legitimate interests of
all parties concerned, strengthen humanitarian assistance and the protection of
civilians, and promote dialogue and negotiation, for peace and long-term
development of all nations.
Thirdly, based on the own
experience of the nation that have struggled for many years of war to have the
peace and independence today, Vietnam has promoted humanitarian assistance and
the protection of civilians in armed conflicts with concrete and tangible
actions. Viet Nam took the lead on the issue as penholder of Resolution 2573 -
the first UNSC Resolution on the protection of objects indispensable to the
survival of the civilian population in conflict areas. It also identifies
attacks against schools, hospitals, and water and energy infrastructures as
violations of international humanitarian law. As one of the few resolutions
co-sponsored by all 15 UNSC members, Resolution 2573 showed a high level of
consensus by the Council on this matter.
Fourthly, Vietnam has turned the
attention of the Security Council and the international community to the the
long-term consequences of conflicts on people’s lives, in particular the issue
of explosive remnants of war (ERW) and security and development of countries,
including the problem of landmines and unexploded ordnance (explosives) left over
from conflicts. Under Viet Nam’s Presidency of the Council in April 2021, and
at Viet Nam’s initiative, the Council adopted a Presidential Statement
stressing the need for further international cooperation to address the dire
consequences of ERW that infringe upon the safety and sustainable livelihoods
of peoples and communities.
Fifthly, Vietnam has made efforts
to bolster meaningful cooperation between the UNSC and regional organizations,
with particular emphasis on ASEAN and its centrality and visibility, especially
the organization of the Security Council's first Open Discussion on cooperation
between the United Nations and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN) as well as the promotion of ASEAN's centrality and presence in the Security
Council in solving regional issues, including Myanmar.
Sixthly, Vietnam champions
advocacy and actions to support vulnerable groups in conflicts, particularly
women and children, by advancing the women, peace and security and children in
armed conflicts agendas. Viet Nam organized the International Conference on
Women, Peace and Security and adopted its outcome document “the Hanoi
Commitment to Action” (in December of 2020), convened the Open Debate on sexual
violence in conflict against women and girls (in April 2021), and hosted the
UNSC Arria-Formula Meeting on Addressing Challenges of Children without
Parental Care in Conflict Situations (in December of 2021).
Seventhly, Vietnam intensifies
joint efforts to address critical global challenges such as climate change,
epidemics and maritime security. Particular focus was given to climate
security, with Viet Nam making active contributions to the Like-Minded Group on
Climate Security at the UNSC (LMG) and the Informal Expert Group (IEG) of
Members of the Security Council on Climate and Security.
Eighthly, acting as a
bridge-builder, advancing transparency, consensus building, and promoting
dialogue and cooperation. This was particularly evident during Viet Nam’s
Presidency of the Council (in January 2020 and April 2021), and as Chair of the
Security Council Committee established pursuant to Resolution 2206 (2015)
concerning South Sudan. Viet Nam also served as the Chair of the Informal
Working Group on International Tribunals and took the lead in drafting
Resolution 2529 on renewing the mandate of the International Residual Mechanism
for Criminal Tribunals Prosecutor.
Ninthly, enhancing the status and
voice of of non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. A
notable highlight was Viet Nam’s efforts to the convening of the annual meeting
(in November 2020, in collaboration with Norway and South Africa) between the
ten non-permanent members of the UNSC and the five newly-elected members of the
UNSC for the term 2021-2022 to exchange information and enhance coordination.
Tenthly, making substantial
contributions to the common work of the UN in all pillars, Vietnam also has
other contributions to the United Nations by increasing the sending of forces
to the United Nations Peacekeeping Missions, chairing the periodical Resolution
on United Nations - ASEAN cooperation; proposing the initiative of the United
Nations General Assembly's Resolution on the International Day for Disease
Prevention and Control, initiated the establishment of the Friends Group of the
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS).
At the press conference, Minister of Foreign Affairs Bui Thanh
Son also answered a number of questions from the press about Vietnam's success
in its fulfillment of the role as a non - permanent member of the United
Nations Security Council for the term 2020-2021.